International Journal of Barrier Free Life and Society
Abbreviation: BAFLAS | ISSN (Print): 2602-4799 | ISSN (Online): 2602-4497 | DOI: 10.29329/baflas

Review article | International Journal of Barrier Free Life and Society 2019, Vol. 3(1) 16-36

Erken Çocukluk Özel Eğitiminde Erken Okuryazarlık ve Okulöncesi Öğretmenlerinin Uygulamaları

Emre Laçin

pp. 16 - 36   |  DOI: https://doi.org/10.29329/baflas.2019.265.2

Published online: December 29, 2020  |   Number of Views: 28  |  Number of Download: 97


Abstract

Erken çocukluk eğitimi 0-6 yaş arasını kapsayan eğitim olarak tanımlanmaktadır. Erken çocukluk özel eğitimi ise çocuğun tanı almasından itibaren destek özel eğitim hizmetlerinin sunularak gelişim alanlarının desteklenmesi sürecidir. Erken okuryazarlık okuma becerisinin ediniminde ön koşul beceri olarak görülmektedir. Özel gereksinimli ve risk grubu olan çocukların erken dönemde belirlenmesi ve müdahale edilebilmesi açısından erken okuryazarlık çok önemlidir. Erken okuryazarlığın alt boyutları olan; sesbilgisel farkındalık, harf bilgisi, yazı farkındalığı, sözcük bilgisi ve dinlediğini anlama gibi beceriler özellikle özel gereksinimli ve risk grubu çocukların güçlük yaşadığı gelişim alanlarını içermektedir. Bu bağlamda ileriki okuma başarısını edinmede özellikle özel gereksinimli ve risk grubu çocuklar için erken okuryazarlık hayati önem taşımaktadır. Özel gereksinimli öğrenci gruplarından zihinsel yetersizlik, öğrenme güçlüğü, dil bozukluğu gibi gruplar erken okuryazarlık becerilerinde akranlarından çok daha fazla geride kalmaktadırlar. Okul öncesi öğretmenlerinin erken okuryazarlık bilgi düzeyi çocukların başarısını etkilemektedir. Bilgi düzeyi iyi olan öğretmenler iyi ve nitelikli sınıf içi uygulamalar yaparak çocukların erken okuryazarlık becerilerini geliştirmektedirler. Bilgi düzeyi ve uygulama performansı arasında da doğrusal bir ilişki olduğu bilinmektedir. Bilgi düzeyi iyi olan okul öncesi öğretmenlerinin sınıf içi uygulamalarda daha iyi oldukları görülmüştür.

Keywords: erken okuryazarlık, erken çocukluk özel eğitimi, okulöncesi öğretmenlerinin erken okuryazarlık bilgi düzeyi


How to Cite this Article?

APA 6th edition
Lacin, E. (2019). Erken Çocukluk Özel Eğitiminde Erken Okuryazarlık ve Okulöncesi Öğretmenlerinin Uygulamaları . International Journal of Barrier Free Life and Society, 3(1), 16-36. doi: 10.29329/baflas.2019.265.2

Harvard
Lacin, E. (2019). Erken Çocukluk Özel Eğitiminde Erken Okuryazarlık ve Okulöncesi Öğretmenlerinin Uygulamaları . International Journal of Barrier Free Life and Society, 3(1), pp. 16-36.

Chicago 16th edition
Lacin, Emre (2019). "Erken Çocukluk Özel Eğitiminde Erken Okuryazarlık ve Okulöncesi Öğretmenlerinin Uygulamaları ". International Journal of Barrier Free Life and Society 3 (1):16-36. doi:10.29329/baflas.2019.265.2.

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